Hand-Drawn Views of a Simple Massing Model

Screenshot Massing Screenshot With Cutplanes.jpg
This exercise practices producing drawings by hand from a 3d massing model.
Assessment objectives

Assessment objectives include:

  • demonstration of a basic competency in hand-drawn orthographic projection.
Exercise Type Problem Set
Evaluation Criteria
High Pass
Four or more views of the given massing. All geometry rendered correctly and completely. Linework and poche applied with a high level of craft. Spaces clearly depicted and depth suggested through the use of lineweight.
Four or more completed views of the given massing. Most geometry rendered correctly and completely, with proper application of poche, hidden line, and elevational surfaces.
Low Pass
Drawings not complete or geometrically incorrect. Linework messy, poche and/or hidden lines incorrectly applied.
Drawings incomplete or not attempted.
Uses Tool(s) Tool:Drafting Board , Tool:Rhino v4.x
Uses Workflow(s)


Working from one of the given massing models (3dm file, link below) and using AutoCAD, produce a minimum of five orthographic views oriented to one of draw planes found in the described massing, and one plan oblique view . The plan oblique view should be oriented such that the plan is rotated by either 30, 45, or 60 degrees and such that the red star in the corner of the Rhino model is near the bottom of your drawing. The Rhino model should be used for purposes of measurement only and not directly exported to AutoCAD.

All your drawings should be at a 1:1 scale relative to the dimensions of the model in Rhino. Although it has certain features that begin to resemble a building, you may treat the massing described here as a simple solid - with all contained volume depicted as a single homogeneous mass.

The given massing model contains a layer called "PAPER", which shows a number of potential locations for your draw plane - some suggesting sections, and others suggesting elevations. Position your drawings here. Note that there are some locations drawn in red - these are the required drawing locations, while the others are optional (given sufficient time).

Working from construction lines to finished lines in AutoCAD, produce each drawing in model space, and see the instructions below for preparing final drawings for submission in both printed and digital formats.

Printed Layout and Submission

Layout and print each of the four orthographic views and the plan oblique on its own sheet of paper. Each drawing location is scaled to an 11x17 dimension - you may use other dimensions of paper if needed (the plan oblique may not fit, in which case it may be scaled). When your drawings are complete, include your name on each drawing, print, and pin them up for review. Arrange the drawings on the wall such that alignments between drawings follow the conventions of orthographic projection.

Digital Layout and Submission

In a separate paper space, compose your drawings for digital PDF submission (not printed) on a single sheet PDF that contains all drawings arranged according to the conventions of registration in orthographic projection. Include construction lines that show the relationship between drawings.

Save the resulting document and name it LASTNAME_FIRSTNAME.PDF , and submit it via email to upload.SUBMITT.zvy2450uje@u.box.com


Download this massing model, and note the positions of the cut and projection planes.

Rhino Massing Model

Previous Versions of this Massing Model

Rhino Massing Model 1 Rhino Massing Model 2